In this article I want you to be daring go to the mode selector of the camera and set it to manual and discover the world of travel and photography the way it used to be many years ago.
Not many people use the manual setting because it seems too complicated but that is the joy of photography of course using a digital camera is so much easier and convenient than a film camera because you don’t have to wait for development times and of course if you doing this professionally cannot exactly 100% sure it’s can turn out the way you have it in your mind, but digital cameras takes all that away.
Let’s get down to the nitty-gritty, a shutter is a device that lets light fall onto electric sensors for a predetermined amount of time and that is called shutter speed for example 1/30 is equal to the shutter being open for a 30th of a second or .30 of a second and an f-stop is what size hole than lens lets the light in for example F1.2 is letting in a lot of light and F16 is not letting much light in at all these to f-stop’s do many other things which I will explain in the future.
If your camera has a T setting standing for time exposure that means one click opens the shutter and the second click closes it. The B setting originally stood for bulb and basically it keeps a shutter open for as long as you keep down the trigger even if that’s two hours (that will give you a sore arm)
What about ISO/ASA this used to be the film speed and it is still used today in sensor sensitivity, for night shots let’s start with 100 ASA and of course you’re going to need a tripod.
The really fun thing about night photography is that it is so hit and miss so enjoy your failures and learn from them.
So let’s have a basic start setting let’s say you’re photographing a city by night, start using F8 and try 30 seconds with the shutter speed, from here every doubling or housing of your shutter speed is the equivalent of one f-stop example F5 .6 and 15 seconds is the same exposure as F8 at 30 seconds so only using your shutter speed try increasing and decreasing the shutter speeds until you get your desired result, if there are cars in your photograph you will notice the longer the shutter speed the more red and white lights there are on the road because you are giving the time for the car to go from point a to point B while the shutter is open